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Critical Thinking
Critical Thinking Advice in the Bible
This lesson offers the Critical Thinking Advice in the Bible as a way to help bridge the gap between Scriptures and Logic. (Updated Dec. 2023)

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Ira Gorelick

First Published

June 7, 2022

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Learning Blockchain

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This is a list of Critical Thinking Advice that can be found in Jewish and Christian Scriptures.

It demonstrates that the problem of effective critical thinking and the role communication plays in our decision making has been around from the beginning of us.

Most Important Critical Thinking Advice is to understand your “Biases.” As represented by the following verse.


Critical Thinking Advice in the Bible

Proverbs 14:15- The simple believes everything, but the prudent gives thought to his steps.

2 Timothy 2:7 – Think over what I say, for the Lord will give you understanding in everything.

1 Thessalonians 5:21 – But test everything; hold fast what is good.

1 John 4:1 – Beloved, do not believe every spirit, but test the spirits to see whether they are from God, for many false prophets have gone out into the world.

Acts 17:11 – Now these Jews were more noble than those in Thessalonica; they received the word with all eagerness, examining the Scriptures daily to see if these things were so.

Proverbs 18:17 – The one who states his case first seems right, until the other comes and examines him.

Proverbs 25:1-28 – These also are proverbs of Solomon which the men of Hezekiah king of Judah copied. It is the glory of God to conceal things, but the glory of kings is to search things out. As the heavens for height, and the earth for depth, so the heart of kings is unsearchable. Take away the dross from the silver, and the smith has material for a vessel; take away the wicked from the presence of the king, and his throne will be established in righteousness. …<

Proverbs 9:10 – The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom, and the knowledge of the Holy One is insight.

1 John 4:7-17 – Beloved, let us love one another, for love is from God, and whoever loves has been born of God and knows God. Anyone who does not love does not know God, because God is love. In this the love of God was made manifest among us, that God sent his only Son into the world, so that we might live through him. In this is love, not that we have loved God but that he loved us and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins. Beloved, if God so loved us, we also ought to love one another. …

Colossians 2:8 – See to it that no one takes you captive by philosophy and empty deceit, according to human tradition, according to the elemental spirits of the world, and not according to Christ.

2 Corinthians 10:5 – We destroy arguments and every lofty opinion raised against the knowledge of God, and take every thought captive to obey Christ,

Matthew 18:6 – But whoever causes one of these little ones who believe in me to sin, it would be better for him to have a great millstone fastened around his neck and to be drowned in the depth of the sea.

Isaiah 1:18 – “Come now, let us reason together, says the Lord: though your sins are like scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they are red like crimson, they shall become like wool.

Galatians 3:7 – Know then that it is those of faith who are the sons of Abraham.

On Communication

James 1:19 – My dear brothers and sisters, take note of this: Everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak and slow to become angry,

Ephesians 4:29 –  Do not let any unwholesome talk come out of your mouths, but only what is helpful for building others up according to their needs, that it may benefit those who listen.

Proverbs 18:13 – To answer before listening— that is folly and shame.

Proverbs 18:2 – Fools find no pleasure in understanding but delight in airing their own opinions.

1 Peter 3:7 – Husbands, in the same way be considerate as you live with your wives, and treat them with respect as the weaker partner and as heirs with you of the gracious gift of life, so that nothing will hinder your prayers.

Proverbs 12:18 – The words of the reckless pierce like swords, but the tongue of the wise brings healing.

Proverbs 10:19 – Sin is not ended by multiplying words, but the prudent hold their tongues.

Colossians 3:8 – But now you must also rid yourselves of all such things as these: anger, rage, malice, slander, and filthy language from your lips.

Proverbs 18:21 – The tongue has the power of life and death, and those who love it will eat its fruit.

Proverbs 15:28 – The heart of the righteous weighs its answers, but the mouth of the wicked gushes evil.

Proverbs 12:25 – Anxiety weighs down the heart, but a kind word cheers it up.

Proverbs 15:1 – A gentle answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger.

Colossians 4:6 – Let your conversation be always full of grace, seasoned with salt, so that you may know how to answer everyone.

Proverbs 16:23 – The hearts of the wise make their mouths prudent, and their lips promote instruction.

James 1:26 –  Those who consider themselves religious and yet do not keep a tight rein on their tongues deceive themselves, and their religion is worthless.

Romans 14:19 – 19 Let us therefore make every effort to do what leads to peace and to mutual edification.

1 Timothy 6:18 – Command them to do good, to be rich in good deeds, and to be generous and willing to share.

Exodus 20:16 – You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor.

Titus 3:2 – to slander no one, to be peaceable and considerate, and always to be gentle toward everyone.

Psalms 141:3 – Set a guard over my mouth, LORD; keep watch over the door of my lips.

1 Thessalonians 5:11 – Therefore encourage one another and build each other up, just as in fact you are doing.

Ephesians 4:32 – Be kind and compassionate to one another, forgiving each other, just as in Christ God forgave you.


Proverbs 15:2 – The tongue of the wise commends knowledge, but the mouths of fools pour out folly.

Timothy 2:16 – But avoid irreverent babble, for it will lead people into more and more ungodliness.

Hebrews 4:12 – For the word of God is living and active, sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing to the division of soul and of spirit, of joints and of marrow, and discerning the thoughts and intentions of the heart.

Proverbs 16:22 – The heart of the wise teacheth his mouth, and addeth learning to his lips.

John 4:20 – Whoever claims to love God yet hates a brother or sister is a liar. For whoever does not love their brother and sister, whom they have seen, cannot love God, whom they have not seen.

Peter 2:16 – Live as free people, but do not use your freedom as a cover-up for evil; live as God’s slaves.

Galatians 6:3 – If anyone thinks they are something when they are not, they deceive themselves.

Matthew 6:1-4 – Be careful not to practice your righteousness in front of others to be seen by them. If you do, you will have no reward from your Father in heaven. 2 “So when you give to the needy, do not announce it with trumpets, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and on the streets, to be honored by others. Truly I tell you, they have received their reward in full. 3 But when you give to the needy, do not let your left hand know what your right hand is doing, 4 so that your giving may be in secret. Then your Father, who sees what is done in secret, will reward you.

2 Timothy 3:1-5 1 But mark this: There will be terrible times in the last days. 2 People will be lovers of themselves, lovers of money, boastful, proud, abusive, disobedient to their parents, ungrateful, unholy, 3 without love, unforgiving, slanderous, without self-control, brutal, not lovers of the good, 4 treacherous, rash, conceited, lovers of pleasure rather than lovers of God— 5 having a form of godliness but denying its power. Have nothing to do with such people.

Romans 2:1-5 – 1 You, therefore, have no excuse, you who pass judgment on someone else, for at whatever point you judge another, you are condemning yourself, because you who pass judgment do the same things. 2 Now we know that God’s judgment against those who do such things is based on truth. 3 So when you, a mere human being, pass judgment on them and yet do the same things, do you think you will escape God’s judgment? 4 Or do you show contempt for the riches of his kindness, forbearance and patience, not realizing that God’s kindness is intended to lead you to repentance? 5 But because of your stubbornness and your unrepentant heart, you are storing up wrath against yourself for the day of God’s wrath, when his righteous judgment will be revealed.

Luke 6:37-42 – Do not judge, and you will not be judged. Do not condemn, and you will not be condemned. Forgive, and you will be forgiven. 38 Give, and it will be given to you. A good measure, pressed down, shaken together and running over, will be poured into your lap. For with the measure you use, it will be measured to you.” 39 He also told them this parable: “Can the blind lead the blind? Will they not both fall into a pit? 40 The student is not above the teacher, but everyone who is fully trained will be like their teacher. 41 “Why do you look at the speck of sawdust in your brother’s eye and pay no attention to the plank in your own eye? 42 How can you say to your brother, ‘Brother, let me take the speck out of your eye,’ when you yourself fail to see the plank in your own eye? You hypocrite, first take the plank out of your eye, and then you will see clearly to remove the speck from your brother’s eye.

Luke 16:10-15 – 10 “Whoever can be trusted with very little can also be trusted with much, and whoever is dishonest with very little will also be dishonest with much. 11 So if you have not been trustworthy in handling worldly wealth, who will trust you with true riches? 12 And if you have not been trustworthy with someone else’s property, who will give you property of your own? 13 “No one can serve two masters. Either you will hate the one and love the other, or you will be devoted to the one and despise the other. You cannot serve both God and money.” 14 The Pharisees, who loved money, heard all this and were sneering at Jesus. 15 He said to them, “You are the ones who justify yourselves in the eyes of others, but God knows your hearts. What people value highly is detestable in God’s sight.

https://atlantisschoolofcommunication.org/communication-skills/how-to-be-an-active-listener/

https://www.biblestudytools.com/topical-verses/bible-verses-about-hypocrisy/

https://atlantisschoolofcommunication.org/answers/religious-spiritual/these-are-the-judeo-christian-values/